An analysis of the aid to families with dependent children program

Current law provides for a monthly special needs payment to all pregnant women who are receiving AFDC. The budget estimates that the proposed reforms will result in significant savings to the federal, state, and county levels of government.

We agree that the seed money and additional incentives could have some effect in inducing counties to take administrative actions that would reduce grant costs; but in our judgement, the ability of counties to achieve significant grant reductions by operating more efficiently is rather limited.

However, the evaluation found that even in the most successful county, 47 percent of the AFDC-FG GAIN participants were still on aid after two years and 37 percent had not been employed at any time during the first two years of the evaluation.

States can use state MOE funds to provide benefits to recent immigrants who are subject to the five-year bar, but fewer than half do so. We conclude that while some families will be able to compensate for the grant reductions through work, others will find this difficult due to low levels of education and employment experience, as well as a potential lack of job opportunities.

States can use TANF funds beyond the core welfare reform areas of providing a safety net and connecting families to work; some states use a substantial share of funding for these other services and programs, some of which include families who are not low income.

A few states continue benefits to the children in a family even after the parent reaches the time limit. Many of them were pushed off welfare rolls because they didn't show up for an appointment, when they had no transportation to get to the appointment, or weren't informed about the appointment, said Edelman.

There were two main sources of the work disincentives: This restriction applies not only to cash assistance, but also to TANF-funded work supports and services such as child care, transportation, and job training.

As noted above, states must spend state funds on programs for needy families as a condition of receiving the full federal TANF block grant. The department anticipates that implementation of this policy will begin in Marchpending approval of a federal waiver request.

Implementation of this change is subject to approval of a pending federal waiver request. Increasing the Work Incentive. Marriage and fertility[ edit ] A major impetus for welfare reform was concern about increases in out-of-wedlock births and declining marriage rates, especially among low-income women.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

Like eligibility, states have the flexibility to set their own benefit levels. This would require a federal waiver.

Aid to Families with Dependent Children

Nine of these 12 categories are core categories that can count toward any hours of participation; participation in the three non-core categories can only count if the individual also participates in core activities for at least 20 hours per week 30 hours for two-parent families.

Participants in the GAIN Program subject to the two-year limit would also have their grants reduced but would be able to complete the program. This reduction would require a federal waiver because it would reduce the maximum grant level below the federally required maintenance of effort level.

Chapter expanded eligibility for transitional child care and health benefits to include families who are no longer eligible for AFDC due to marriage.

The additional 15 percent reduction would occur after a family 1 has been on assistance for more than 6 months or 2 went off aid after 6 months and returned to the program within 24 months. These savings would increase in subsequent years due to the two-year limit.

For a state to meet the federal work rates, half of the families receiving TANF cash assistance must be engaged in a work activity for at least 30 hours a week 20 hours a week for single parents with children under the age of 6. It is impossible to predict with accuracy, however, the degree to which these proposals will induce more AFDC recipients to work.

Implementation of this change is subject to approval of a pending federal waiver request. TANF allowed states to impose family caps on the receipt of additional cash benefits from unwed childbearing.

Opponents, on the other hand, argued that requiring women to work at low pay puts additional stress on mothers, reduces the quality time spent with children, and diverts income to work-related expenses such as transportation and childcare.

The budget also assumes enactment of federal legislation to prohibit sponsored aliens from receiving Medi-Cal or AFDC benefits for five years.

Policy Basics: An Introduction to TANF

The law sets forth 12 categories of work activities that can count toward the work rates; the parameters for each activity are shaped by definitions set by federal rules that were established after TANF was reauthorized in Increasing the Percentage of Recipients Who Work.

In almost every state, TANF benefit levels are not high enough to lift a family of three above half the poverty line. The budget assumes that savings associated with this proposal would be offset by administrative costs and the cost of investigations by social workers assessing the safety of the teen's living arrangement.

The Governor's Budget contains a major proposal for realigning the relationship between the state and county governments in the funding and administration of social services programs.

However, benefit levels are low and do not provide enough money to families to enable them to meet their basic needs. The law that abolished the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program contained a provision directing that religious non-profit organizations be permitted to compete for government grants with which to administer federal welfare-to- work and related policies.

that was created in and started in from what was previously named the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. The programs intent is to help low-income families, Dependent Children (AFDC) program. The AFDC program was established in under the POLICY ANALYSIS PAPER 5 their families.

The. AFDC Families with Preschool-aged Children in Atlanta at the Outset of the Jobs Evaluation Policy Information Center Highlights: Vol. 1, No. 1 Trends in AFDC and Food Stamp Benefits: Office of Health Policy, Research Framework. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) was a federal assistance program in effect from to created by the Social Security Act (SSA) and administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provided financial assistance to children whose families had low or no income.

Policy Basics: An Introduction to TANF

Inthe former federal Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) ended and a different program ensued, which is Temporary Assistance for Needed Families. Partly as a result of changes to the welfare laws, approximately ____ percent of the homeless today are mothers and children.

the program of aid to families with dependent children. Who are the individuals receiving aid? What circum- * Division of Program Statistics and Analysis, Bureau of Family Services, Welfare Administration.

r Before July 1,the program was known as “aid to dependent children.” Public Lawthe Public Welfare Amendments of.

An analysis of the aid to families with dependent children program
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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families - Wikipedia